Microfluidic devices for the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction

Journal Article

We describe an experimental methodology for the study of chemical self-organization in micropatterned reaction systems. Our approach is based on office-printer-assisted soft lithography and allows the fabrication of centimeter-scale devices with reactor units as small as 50 μm.

Kahveci Web

The devices are made from the elastomeric material poly(dimethylsiloxane) and are filled with a modified Belousov−Zhabotinsky solution. This excitable reaction−diffusion medium employs 1,4-cyclohexanedione as a bubble-free organic substrate and Fe(II)[batho(SO3)2]3 as a high-absorbance redox catalyst/indicator. Chemical wave propagation is affected by the loss of bromine from the aqueous phase into the elastomer matrix. The strength of this activating process depends on the local surface-to-volume ratio and can increase the wave velocity by a factor of 2. For devices with gridlike reactor networks, we observe a pronounced deformation of target patterns and the pinning of spiral waves to single elastomer obstacles as well as to obstacle clusters.

Kahveci Web

Publication Details
Cite as: Ginn BT, Steinbock B, Kahveci M, & Steinbock O. (2004). Microfluidic devices for the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 108, 1325-1332.
DOI: 10.1021/jp0358883